TOKYO - Japan
The capital of Japan was the first city in Asia to organize the games, in 1964. To remind the world that the Japanese had forgiven but not forgotten, a survivor of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima was chosen to carry the flame to the bowl at the start of the Tokyo games. Germany, which at the time was politically divided into separate states, was made to compete as one, so that the victories of East and West German athletes counted as those of a single nation.In another political gesture, South Africa was excluded because it had not been able to put together a multiracial team.It was at these games that volleyball and judo became Olympic sports.Ironically, it was a Dutchman, Anton Geesink, who won the first heavyweight title in judo.The star of these games was an American. The swimmer Donald Schollander took four medals in the Tokyo pool where the Japanese had expected to shine.