When Tommie Smith, winner of the 200 m at the 1968 Mexico games, climbed up on to the podium alongside fellow countryman John Carlos, they caused a scandal during the American National Anthem. They raised their clenched, gloved fists to the sky, and bowed their heads. Smith and Carlos in fact wanted to show the world that they belonged to Black Power, an American movement against racism and segregation.Despite their exclusion from the Olympic games, the two sprinters inspired others to follow their example. A few days later, other black American athletes lined up at the starting lines of their events wearing black socks. Beamon, surprise winner of the long jump, was one such sympathiser.