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WHITEFIELD Melvin (1924) United States / Track and field
This famous American runner won two Olympic gold medals for the 800 m in 1948 and 1952, also winning an Olympic title with the American 4x400 m relay team during the games of '48 in London.Before becoming a runner, Whitefield was a bomber pilot in Korea.It was he who encouraged his black team-mates to boycott the Tokyo games in'64, believing that they could thus play a role in the fight against racism in the United States. Yet, at that time, his wishes fell upon deaf ears.However, four years later in Mexico, other black athletes at last found the courage to revolt.It should be added that in sporting terms, Whitefield won, in addition to his three gold medals, several silvers and bronzes with the 4x400 m American relay team.
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