CHAMONIX - France
The very first winter games were organised in 1924 on the initiative of Count Clary, president of the French Olympic committee. The games were held in France, at the foot of the Mont Blanc.The Chamonix games were dominated by the well-trained Scandinavian sportsmen and women. Up until this time, the Scandinavians had always organised the Nordic games, predecessor of the winter Olympic games. They swept the board, winning all the Nordic skiing events.Another star in these games was skater Gillis Grafström, who won a second Olympic title after having won the first at the Antwerp summer games four years earlier.Clas Thunberg enjoyed an overwhelming victory in the speed skating event. It is interesting to note that the biathlon was still known as the military patrol race. On the Eve of the winter games, the organisers feared a thaw, but as if by magic, the climatic conditions described by Coubertin, present on this auspicious occasion, were "intensely cold and calm".