From the very beginning of the Olympic movement, Pierre de Coubertin wished to combine the physical and spiritual elements of the human condition. Thus in 1906, he organised a conference in Paris bringing together intellectuals, artists and sportsmen, in order to give the games an artistic dimension.This conference resulted in an art competition. Architects, musicians, writers, painters and sculptors were to compete at the 1908 London games. Unfortunately the English organisers did not manage to set up this competition. However, four years later in Stockholm, the competition took place and proved to be of a very high standard. This competition continued successfully until 1948.Since then, art has always played an important part in the games, without there necessarily being an official competition. Nevertheless, the host towns have inevitably increased cultural activities to demonstrate their dynamic artistic creativity.Many of the world's greatest artistic talents have thus contributed to the games, in their own way.