AMSTERDAM - Holland
During the 1928 games, the Olympic movement revived the ancient tradition of the Olympic flame. Many athletes joined in the relay to bring the flame from Olympia. The flame blazed in the stadium until the end of the games. It is at Amsterdam that the Germans, who were held responsible for the 1914 - 1918 war, were allowed to join in the games, having been excluded for the two previous competitions. The Dutch Parliament disapproved of the event, and the threat of cancellation hung over the games. It was the Dutch citizens' enthusiasm for hosting the games which saved the day, by paying the travelling expenses for each delegation, and thus avoiding cancellation.It should also be noted that the Amsterdam games were the first to include women. Pierre de Coubertin, founder of the games, was opposed to women's participation, and due to ill health did not attend the Amsterdam games. Women nonetheless took part in the athletic events.