ANTWERP - Belgium
Count de Baillet-Latour, Coubertin's successor at the head of the Olympic movement pushed for the games to be held in this large Belgian town, in 1920, just after the first world war. Despite heavy bombardment suffered by the port of Escaut, the rich diamond and naval merchants brought the necessary support, enabling the games to take place. The Germans and Austrians were excluded from the Olympic movement. The Russians declined the invitation. However, 29 countries came with their athletes. The Olympic flag was hoisted for the first time in the stadium. Designed by Coubertin, the flag is white with 5 intertwined coloured rings. On the sporting side of things, the majority of medals were won by the Americans and the Swedes, being two of the countries the least involved with the recent war.