The Finnish capital organized the 1952 Olympic games. It is the smallest city to have ever organized the games. On this occasion, the Soviet Union became part of the Olympic movement and participated in the games for the first time. However, even before the games started, it caused a regrettable diplomatic incident. The powerful Russian neighbours refused to see the Olympic flame cross their territory. At these games too, Germany and Japan were permitted back into the Olympic movement but Germany, by then a divided country, had to agree to have the athletes from both teams represented under one banner. It was at these games too, that the Czech long distance runner, Emile Zatopek, game to the fore. The games closed on this note and they have remained in people's memories as one of the best Olympic celebrations ever.