The host of the 1956 Melbourne games, Australia hosted the Millennium Games held in Sydney in 2000. The organisers placed great emphasis on protecting the environment. Sydney wanted to be a model for all future host cities, and the bet completely paid off. The building of new sites, and transportation structures adhered to a very rigourous environmntal protection charter. The warm reception visitors received and the perfect organisation were praised by the Olympic bodies.It should be noted that in 1956 Melbourne was the first town in the southern hemisphere to organise the games.The Australian athletes excelled themselves at the swimming events. The women swimmers were among the best in the world between 1956 and 1972, with Dawn Fraser, four times Olympic champion, then Shane Gould and Bevery Whitefield, both champions at the Munich games in 1972.