LOS ANGELES - United States
Twice an Olympic city - in 1932 and 1984 - Los Angeles is closely associated with the Olympic movement.But in 1932, California was not an easy place to reach. The Europeans, for instance, had to take a boat across the Atlantic, then make their way from the East Coast to the West Coast by train - a marathon two-week journey!But once there, it was all worth it. Gary Cooper, Charlie Chaplin and the Marx Brothers starred in the opening show. The Olympic podium was created for the occasion.In 1984, LA won the games without a battle - there was no competition. The deficits accumulated by the previous organizing cities discouraged even the strongest wills from making a bid.The Americans do not have that kind of worry. Sponsors put up a good deal of the money. So it was no surprise that the organizers made a good profit.On the sports front, with the USSR and East Germany staying away in response to the US and other countries' boycott of the Moscow games, Romania came second in the medals table behind the United States. At these games, the GRS became an official part of the Olympic programme.