MONTREAL - Canada
The cost of organizing the 1976 games in Montreal was so astronomical that they were almost cancelled. Spending was four times higher than forecast.What is more, the facilities were not all completed when the games started.Today, some of the facilities are in an advanced state of decay.The government of Quebec and the IOC therefore had to compensate for the deficit, estimated at some US$13 million. The IOC was able to help with the money from the broadcasting rights.The Montreal games were boycotted by African countries who protested against the participation of the New Zealand Team. The Kiwis had sent their national rugby team on a tour of South Africa while apartheid was still in full swing.So, on the eve of the opening ceremony, 400 athletes were requested to return home by their governments, after the IOC refused to disqualify New Zealand.On another note, two new disciplines were introduced for women: basketball and handball.Performance-wise, two women made history: the young Romanian gymnast Nadia Comaneci and German swimmer Kornelia Ender.Among the men, Cuba's Juantorena and Finland's Viren were double Olympic athletics champions.The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) promotes and coordinates, at international level, the fight against doping in all its forms. Through this autonomous agency, the Olympic Movement and the world's public authorities have intensified their efforts to keep drugs out of sport.Agency will start its operations in Montreal during March - April 2002.Today, its headquarters is in Lausanne.