This little city in the Peloponnese is where the Olympic games were held for several centuries in ancient Greece.Today there is still a sanctuary at Olympia at the centre of which are the vestiges of the temple of Zeus. Nothing remains of the huge statue of the King of the Gods carved by Phidias, except a few ruins of his workshop. This huge complex was destroyed by looters on the order of the emperor Theodosius III and by two earthquakes in the 6th century AD. For one thousand years the site of Olympia was buried under a thick layer of silt.The first excavations were made at the end of the 18th century, and most of the treasures were discovered by German archaeologists in the 19th century. The best preserved part is the Olympic stadium.