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POLITICS
In order that the Olympics remain independent, the entire movement and in particular its head, the IOC, have always taken care not to let international politics interfere with its activities.Thus the IOC co-opts its members from the various countries, and not the other way around.But these fine principles are not always matched by reality. Since the games first started its history has been punctuated with political incidents.This was true as early as 1904, when president Roosevelt chose to hold the games at Saint Louis in order to have them coincide with the Universal exhibition, whereas the IOC had chosen Chicago.It was even more so in Berlin in 1936, when the IOC insisted on the German capital, while international opinion wanted the games to be moved to another city, Barcelona as it happened then.Politics have also intruded in the form of boycotting of the games by some countries that began at Melbourne in 1956. Other boycotts affected the 1976, 80, 84 and 88 games.In 1968 in Mexico it was American black power that intruded.Much worse than any of these was the Palestinian terrorist attack during the 1972 Munich games.These days, apart from terrorist incident at Atlanta, responsibility for which was claimed by a mentally unbalanced person, it seems that since 1992 the games have entered a new era of peace and friendship in which the Olympic games are free of political pressure and international disputes.
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